Hasta Mudras part II


Bhairava/bhairavi mudra
Bhairava means "terrifying" and it is an adjective applied to Shiva in his fierce form that he assumes for the dissolution of evil. Bhairavi is the female counterpart of Bhairava.

How to perform: In bhairava mudra, place the back of the right hand on the palm of the left hand. Both hands rest in the lap. Bhairavi mudra is practiced the same way but the left hand is placed on top of the right one.

Benefits: The two hands represent the duality of our being as ha and tha energy, ida and pingala nadis, individual and supreme consciousness. By connecting the hands we harmonize coordination of the right and left hemispheres of the brain and unite all opposites. It is universally used for meditation as it brings a sense of inner balance and peace.


Hridaya mudra
is heart from Sanskrit.

How to perform: Place the tip of the index finger at the base of the thumb. Bring the tips of the middle and ring fingers to the tip of the thumb. The little finger remains straight. Do this with each hand.

Benefits: This mudra diverts the flow of prana from the hands to the heart area, strengthening and improving the vitality of the physical heart. It’s beneficial for any heart problems, and can be used safely and easily as first aid during an emergency situation. It is a great mudra to practice during any emotional imbalance as it helps to release tensions and burdens from the anahata -the heart energy centre.


Mushti mudra
literally means "closed hand", “handful” or "fist".

How to perform: Hold hand in a fist with thumb placed over the ring finger. A quick version to use while practicing asanas is to keep the thumb inside of the fingers.

Benefits: The fist is a symbol for anger, aggression or threat. Regular practice of this mudra helps to release accumulated irritation and suppressed anger therefore improves health of the liver, lowers high blood pressure and reduces heart complaints. It also promotes digestion, activates the stomach and relieves constipation.

Hasta mudras can be done at any time and in any place, while seated, lying down, standing or walking. However, it’s important that your posture is symmetrical, your spine is comfortably long, and that you are as relaxed as possible. Applying a mudra we are sending a particular message to the brain and we don’t want the flow of energy to be diverted, disturbed or interrupted by some tension in the body.

If mudras are practiced in a centered meditative mood when you are present and focused on your hands, the practice will be much more effective. The easiest way to stay in the here and now is to observe the breath.

If you practice a mudra to relax and calm yourself: slow your breathing down + press the fingers together a bit more when exhaling and while inhaling let go of the pressure.

If your goal is to refresh yourself: intensify your breathing + apply a bit more pressure on inhalation and release the pressure on exhalation.

To achieve inner equilibrium and center yourself: keep your breath natural without any effort to alter it + just focus on your hands and fingers perceiving the gentle pressure on the parts that touch each other.

Try out these different variations for yourself.

There is no one opinion on how long one should hold a mudra to achieve best results –it can be any length of time from 3 to 45 minutes.  I believe that, as with any other practice, regularity is the key, and if you practice just 3 minutes but daily it’s more beneficial than 30 minutes but once a week. Choose one mudra and work with it regularly according to your time plan. The effect of a mudra may be perceived in some seconds or only after several weeks or months. You will notice that your hands and fingers get more sensitive and respond to the mudras much more quickly after some training. Every healing depends on current state and ability of the body-mind structure to change. So practice regularly, patiently and persistently and remain completely serene and confident while doing so. Your well-being will be improved with simple yet precious yogic techniques of mudra.

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